Radicalisation is ‘a dynamic process whereby an individual increasingly accepts and supports violent extremism. The reasons behind this process can be ideological, political, religious, social, economic or personal’. There is clear participation of women in the terrorist groups. ISIS allured women for recruitment, marriage and violent acts including suicide attacks. However gender differences are not always properly addressed, including in assessment tools.
- the response to violence and safe havens for women;
- economic and political exclusion of women;
- gaining self-esteem and taking unconventional roles challenging societal gender norms;
- religious think and women;
- influence of male family members as main recruiters;
- influence of social media targeting women.