Fighting Against Inmates’ Radicalisation

763538 - FAIR - JUST-AG-2016/JUST-AG-2016-03 PROJECT NUMBER: 763538

  • Prevent violent radicalisation of inmates.
  • Promote disengagement.
  • Facilitate reintegration into society.

Glossary

  • akhi  = brother
  • amir = leader
  • Bay’ ah = formal oath of loyalty
  • dar al-harb = land of conflict
  • dar al-Islam = land of Islam
  • dar al-kufr = land of Infidels
  • Dawa = call to Islam
  • dawlah = The State
  • digital umm = online female Jihadist community; Umm –Arabic word for mother
  • disengagement = process whereby an individual ceases to be involved in terrorism
  • extremism = the holding of extreme political or religious views; fanaticism.
  • fard ayn = individual obligation
  • fard kifaya = collective obligation
  • fitna = temptation or trial; discord with Muslim community
  • foreign fighter = Individuals who joined an armed conflict abroad
  • hadith = stories recording the words and deeds of the Prophet by people who knew him.
  • hijra (also spelled Hijrah or Hejira) = Migration to the ISIS / Da’esh Caliphate
  • insurgent = an individual who fights against a government or a ruling force with the aim of overthrowing it
  • jahiliyyah = ignorant past
  • jihad = striving; ‘effort’ or ‘struggle’. Muslims distinguish between two forms of jihad: the inner jihad, referring to the struggle against temptation and to improve one’s own character and to a militant struggle waged to defend the (land of) Islam.
  • kufr = Infidel
  • kunjah = nickname
  • lone wolf = a terrorist who works on his own, without operational assistance or communication with other extremists
  • mujahed, pl. mujahedin = jihad fighter
  • Neo-fascism = a political movement that seeks to establish a racially or ethnically homogeneous society under a leader entrusted with authoritarian power
  • programme = a series of activities done in conjunction to one another for example a workshop or lecture, with the aim and objective of educating
  • PVE / CVE = Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE) / Countering Violent Extremism (CVE). Using non-coercive means that seek to address the drivers and/or root causes of violent extremism.
  • radicalisation = terrorist radicalisation is understood as the complex phenomenon of people embracing opinions, views and ideas that could lead to committing terrorist acts.
  • radicalising materials = include literature or videos that are used by radicals to encourage or reinforce others to adapt a radical ideology. See also Rumiyah
  • racism = prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior
  • RAN = Radicalisation Awareness Network. European hub and platform to exchange experiences, pool knowledge, identify best practice and establish new initiative in tackling radicalisation
  • Rumiyah = Online glossy propaganda magazines launched by IS for non-Arabic speakers; first released in September 2016.
  • Salafism = fundamentalist, Sunni Islamic movement that aims for a return to a pure Islamic society.
  • sahabiyyat = female companions of the Prophet
  • shahada = profession of faith; also martyrdom
  • shahid = witness; also martyr
  • Sharia = strict Quranic law
  • shirk = the sin of practising polytheism, or ascribing diving characteristics to anyone but god
  • Shura = Council
  • takfir = excommunicated; a lapsed Muslim
  • terrorist financing = the provision or collection of funds, by any means, directly or indirectly, with the intention or knowledge that they are to be used, in full or in part, in a terrorism plot
  • tawhid = unity of god
  • Umma = Muslim community
  • VE = Violent Extremism. Mostly, violent extremism is regarded as including, but not limited to, acts of terrorism