Radical: If something is considered extremist or very different from anything that has come before it, call it radical.
Radicalisation is defined as the action or process of causing someone to adopt radical positions on political or social issues.
There are two other words we often associate with radicalism:
Jihad: striving; ‘effort’ or ‘struggle’. Muslims distinguish between two forms of jihad: the inner jihad, referring to the struggle against temptation and to improve
one’s own character and to a militant struggle wagedto defend the (land of) Islam.
Extreme Right (The Far Right, The Radical Right, The Right Wing, Right Wing Extremism): The far right (or extreme right) is a political label used to identify parties and movements based on fascist, racist and/or extremely reactionary ideologies. Officially those on the far right embrace the concept of the “inequality of outcome”, meaning that one group is naturally better than another. They also tend to embrace inequality of opportunity as well, favouring concepts such as segregation, or mass deportation of non-white people (or in general, people of other races), or sometimes even genocide – although they sometimes keep these abhorrent views hidden, except when trolling anonymously online (see /pol/). The label “far right” can apply to everything from absolute monarchies to Nazism, meaning that many far-rightists oppose others on the far-right who have a different idea of what the ruling class should be.
From the Glossary:
- Radicalisation = terrorist radicalisation is understood as the complex phenomenon of people embracing opinions, views and ideas that could lead to committing terrorist acts.
- Radicalising materials include literature or videos that are used by radicals to encourage or reinforce others to adapt a radical ideology. See also Rumiyah.